Inequality

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Other Publications

Designing a Basic Income Guarantee for Canada

Inequality Governance Income and Wealth Development

Designing a basic income guarantee in Canada: Details on Ontario's Pilot Project and costing plan for a basic income in Canada.

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Designing a Basic Income Guarantee for Canada

Basic Income Guarantee in Canada: Ontario's Pilot Project

Proposed Costing Plan: Boadway, R., Cuff, K., & Koebel, K. (2016) Designing a Basic Income Guarantee for Canada. Queen's Economic Department Working Paper No. 1371.

Abstract for Boadway et al. (2016): We propose a mechanism for implementing a two-stage harmonized Basic Income Guarantee with federal and provincial components. In Stage One, the federal government replaces its refundable and nonrefundable tax credits with an income-tested basic income delivered through the income tax system. The reform is revenue-neutral. In Stage Two, each province decides whether to implement a provincial basic income guarantee that is harmonized with the federal one but allows province-specific basic income levels. The provincial basic income replaces provincial refundable and nonrefundable tax credits as well as welfare and disability transfers, and is also revenue-neutral. All social services and contributory social insurance programs remain intact. An illustrative calculation using Statistical Canada’s SPSD/M model shows the financial feasibility of a national BIG of $20,000 per adult adjusted for family size with a benefit reduction rate of 30%.

Designing a basic income guarantee in Canada: Details on Ontario's Pilot Project and costing plan for a basic income in Canada.

2017-01-26 03:08:00
Blogs

Blog posts (by Dionne Pohler)

No policy of the newly elected provincial government in Ontario has sparked more controversy than the proposed cancellation of the basic income pilot. We propose a way forward.

The basic income pilot in Ontario was unlikely to tell us anything we don't already know. Basic income supporters should change their focus from re-instating the pilot to developing and promoting options for a phased implementation. The most important thing to focus on in the short-term is that participants are treated ethically as the project winds down.

Articles

Articles

In this op ed, Kevin Milligan argues that "nothing has contributed more than natural resources to buttressing the Canadian middle class against the rapidly changing global economy of the 21st century."

Resource jobs are sustaining Canada's middle class. Period.

In this op ed, Kevin Milligan argues that "nothing has contributed more than natural resources to buttressing the Canadian middle class against the rapidly changing global economy of the 21st century."

2018-04-17
www.theglobeandmail.com 2018-04-17 20:42:39
Inequality Governance Income and Wealth Development Resource jobs are sustaining Canada's middle class. Period. 2018-04-17 20:42:39
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"This is the fundamental weakness of the minimum wage: you can force business to pay their employees more, but you can’t force them to hire them."

Why a guaranteed minimum income is a better option than raising the minimum wage

"This is the fundamental weakness of the minimum wage: you can force business to pay their employees more, but you can’t force them to hire them."

2018-02-16
nationalpost.com 2018-01-15 20:15:06
Inequality Governance Employment Relations Development Income and Wealth Law Why a guaranteed minimum income is a better option than raising the minimum wage 2018-01-15 20:15:06
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"For decades, income distribution was ignored by a policy consensus that favoured free markets. Research on income inequality is challenging that view."

A new narrative on income inequality and growth

"For decades, income distribution was ignored by a policy consensus that favoured free markets. Research on income inequality is challenging that view."

2018-02-16
policyoptions.irpp.org 2017-10-31 22:07:10
Inequality Governance Income and Wealth Development A new narrative on income inequality and growth 2017-10-31 22:07:10
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News Items

News Items

Dionne is interviewed by the Globe and Mail to discuss the effects of British pay transparency laws on Canadian companies.

Britain reveals big gender pay gaps at Canadian firms

Dionne is interviewed by the Globe and Mail to discuss the effects of British pay transparency laws on Canadian companies.

2018-04-09
www.theglobeandmail.com 2018-04-12 01:11:59
Inequality Employment Relations Income and Wealth Discrimination Britain reveals big gender pay gaps at Canadian firms 2018-04-12 01:11:59
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Dionne speaks to CBC's "Ontario Today" to answer questions about Ontario's pay transparency legislation. 

Closing the wage gap: Ontario's pay transparency legislation

Dionne speaks to CBC's "Ontario Today" to answer questions about Ontario's pay transparency legislation. 

2018-04-12
www.cbc.ca 2018-04-12 01:08:58
Inequality Employment Relations Income and Wealth Discrimination Closing the wage gap: Ontario's pay transparency legislation 2018-04-12 01:08:58
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"The experiences of Alberta and Seattle, two jurisdictions that share Ontario's $15-an-hour goal, offer some lessons on how to adjust to a higher minimum wage: that is, if Ontario businesses can weather the short-term storm."

Alberta, Seattle offer lessons for Ontario on 'Fight for $15' minimum wage: Ontario's rate increased to $14 per hour from $11.60 — a 21% jump— on Jan. 1

"The experiences of Alberta and Seattle, two jurisdictions that share Ontario's $15-an-hour goal, offer some lessons on how to adjust to a higher minimum wage: that is, if Ontario businesses can weather the short-term storm."

2018-02-16
www.cbc.ca 2017-11-01 14:04:08
Inequality Governance Employment Relations Income and Wealth HR Practices Law Alberta, Seattle offer lessons for Ontario on 'Fight for $15' minimum wage: Ontario's rate increased to $14 per hour from $11.60 — a 21% jump— on Jan. 1 2017-11-01 14:04:08
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Other Valuable information

Other Valuable Information

On a per capita basis, the annual cost would range between $9,421 and $10,169 for the period 2018-2023.

Summary from the PBO:

The total annual estimated gross cost of the defined GBI would range between $76.0 billion and $79.5 billion for the period 2018-2023. The guaranteed income for disability would range between $3.2 billion and $3.5 billion.

PBO forecasts that more than 7.5 million people would benefit from the basic cost of GBI. Thus, on a per capita basis, the annual cost would range between $9,421 and $10,169 for the period 2018-2023.

The actual federal support for low-income Canadians and vulnerable groups defined by our benchmark model is about $32.9 billion. If this amount were deducted from the total estimated GBI cost of $76.0 billion in 2018-2019, the net cost of a federally implemented GBI would be $43.1 billion. However, the GBI could take the form of a combined federal-provincial basic income system managed by an intergovernmental fiscal arrangement. This would replace some provincial transfers for low-income individuals and families, including many non-refundable and refundable tax credits, thereby reducing its net cost.

Costing a national guaranteed basic income using the Ontario basic income model

Summary from the PBO:

The total annual estimated gross cost of the defined GBI would range between $76.0 billion and $79.5 billion for the period 2018-2023. The guaranteed income for disability would range between $3.2 billion and $3.5 billion.

PBO forecasts that more than 7.5 million people would benefit from the basic cost of GBI. Thus, on a per capita basis, the annual cost would range between $9,421 and $10,169 for the period 2018-2023.

The actual federal support for low-income Canadians and vulnerable groups defined by our benchmark model is about $32.9 billion. If this amount were deducted from the total estimated GBI cost of $76.0 billion in 2018-2019, the net cost of a federally implemented GBI would be $43.1 billion. However, the GBI could take the form of a combined federal-provincial basic income system managed by an intergovernmental fiscal arrangement. This would replace some provincial transfers for low-income individuals and families, including many non-refundable and refundable tax credits, thereby reducing its net cost.

On a per capita basis, the annual cost would range between $9,421 and $10,169 for the period 2018-2023.

2018-08-10
www.pbo-dpb.gc.ca 2018-04-18 18:54:06

Summary from the PBO:

The total annual estimated gross cost of the defined GBI would range between $76.0 billion and $79.5 billion for the period 2018-2023. The guaranteed income for disability would range between $3.2 billion and $3.5 billion.

PBO forecasts that more than 7.5 million people would benefit from the basic cost of GBI. Thus, on a per capita basis, the annual cost would range between $9,421 and $10,169 for the period 2018-2023.

The actual federal support for low-income Canadians and vulnerable groups defined by our benchmark model is about $32.9 billion. If this amount were deducted from the total estimated GBI cost of $76.0 billion in 2018-2019, the net cost of a federally implemented GBI would be $43.1 billion. However, the GBI could take the form of a combined federal-provincial basic income system managed by an intergovernmental fiscal arrangement. This would replace some provincial transfers for low-income individuals and families, including many non-refundable and refundable tax credits, thereby reducing its net cost.

Inequality Governance Income and Wealth Development Costing a national guaranteed basic income using the Ontario basic income model 2018-04-18 18:54:06
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Thomas Piketty describes his extensive research about one of the major causes of inequality.

Capital and wealth in the 21st century

Thomas Piketty describes his extensive research about one of the major causes of inequality.

2018-04-11
www.ted.com 2018-04-12 00:46:54
Inequality Income and Wealth Capital and wealth in the 21st century 2018-04-12 00:46:54
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