The Relationship Between Community Capitals and Quality of Life in Rural and Aboriginal Western Canadian Communities: Improving Policymaking Using a Place-Conscious Approach

Inequality Development

This study uses secondary survey data collected as part of the Co-operative Innovation Project to examine whether there is a relationship between community capitals and reported quality of life in rural western Canada as well as whether the relationships between quality of life and community capitals may differ across Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities in the study region.

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The Relationship Between Community Capitals and Quality of Life in Rural and Aboriginal Western Canadian Communities: Improving Policymaking Using a Place-Conscious Approach

Policymakers around the world now recognize that quality of life is an important indicator of what actually matters to communities. Also referred to as well-being, satisfaction, or happiness, quality of life is a complex, multidimensional construct pertaining to one’s place of residence, physical environment, social characteristics, experiences, and access to services within one’s local environment. Given the close relationship between local conditions and quality of life, using community capitals, or latent measures of the current state of communities’ various resources and capacities, to measure quality of life may provide policymakers with a more useful quality of life measure. This study uses secondary survey data to examine whether there is a relationship between community capitals and reported quality of life in rural western Canada. To explore quality of life as a product of the communities in which community capital stocks are created and experienced, this thesis will also examine whether and how the relationships between quality of life and community capitals may differ across Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities in the study region. The results may help policymakers understand how different types of communities conceptualize themselves, as well as how they may pursue place-conscious policies that build upon current community capitals to maintain or improve quality of life in these communities in the future.

This study uses secondary survey data collected as part of the Co-operative Innovation Project to examine whether there is a relationship between community capitals and reported quality of life in rural western Canada as well as whether the relationships between quality of life and community capitals may differ across Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities in the study region.

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2017-10-17 02:18:46

Designing a Basic Income Guarantee for Canada

Inequality Income and Wealth Development

Designing a basic income guarantee in Canada: Details on Ontario's Pilot Project and costing plan for a basic income in Canada.

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Designing a Basic Income Guarantee for Canada

Basic Income Guarantee in Canada: Ontario's Pilot Project

Proposed Costing Plan: Boadway, R., Cuff, K., & Koebel, K. (2016) Designing a Basic Income Guarantee for Canada. Queen's Economic Department Working Paper No. 1371.

Abstract for Boadway et al. (2016): We propose a mechanism for implementing a two-stage harmonized Basic Income Guarantee with federal and provincial components. In Stage One, the federal government replaces its refundable and nonrefundable tax credits with an income-tested basic income delivered through the income tax system. The reform is revenue-neutral. In Stage Two, each province decides whether to implement a provincial basic income guarantee that is harmonized with the federal one but allows province-specific basic income levels. The provincial basic income replaces provincial refundable and nonrefundable tax credits as well as welfare and disability transfers, and is also revenue-neutral. All social services and contributory social insurance programs remain intact. An illustrative calculation using Statistical Canada’s SPSD/M model shows the financial feasibility of a national BIG of $20,000 per adult adjusted for family size with a benefit reduction rate of 30%.

Designing a basic income guarantee in Canada: Details on Ontario's Pilot Project and costing plan for a basic income in Canada.

2017-01-26 03:08:00